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Gallery: The Splendor of the Orion Nebula

Posted by Admin on December 24, 2011

SPACE.com Staff
Date: 22 December 2011 Time: 09:27 PM ET

The Splendor of Orion: A Star Factory UnveiledCredit: NASA, ESA, M. Robberto (Space Telescope Science Institute/ESA) and the Hubble Space Telescope Orion Treasury Project TeamThis new Hubble image of the Orion Nebula shows dense pillars of gas and dust that may be the homes of fledgling stars, and hot, young, massive stars that have emerged from their cocoons and are shaping the nebula with powerful ultraviolet light.

The Splendor of Orion: A Star Factory Unveiled

Cosmic Bullets Pierce Space CloudCredit: Gemini ObservatoryThis composite image at infrared wavelengths shows the Orion nebula “bullets” as blue features and represents the light emitted by hot iron gas. The light from the wakes, shown in orange, is from excited hydrogen gas.

Each bullet is about ten times the size of Pluto’s orbit around the Sun and travels through the clouds at up to 250 miles (400 kilometers) per second-or about a thousand times faster than the speed of sound.

Cosmic Bullets Pierce Space Cloud

Famous Orion Nebula Closer Than Thought Credit: Bill Saxton, NRAO/AUI/NSFTrigonometric Parallax method determines distance to star by measuring its slight shift in apparent position as seen from opposite ends of Earth’s orbit.

Famous Orion Nebula Closer Than Thought

Twin Stars Born 500,000 Years ApartCredit: NASA-JPL-STScI/David James.The two identical twin stars (inset) called Par 1802 appear as a single point of light, because they are so close to each other in the Orion Nebula (background).

Twin Stars Born 500,000 Years Apart

New Close-up Shows Binary Stars in Orion’s HeartCredit: nullLeft: Zooming into the center of the Orion star-forming region with the four bright Trapezium stars (Theta1 Orionis A-D). The dominant star is Theta1 Orionis C, which was imaged with unprecedented resolution with the VLT interferometer (lower right). Right: The orbit of the binary system (grey line). The size of the orbit of Jupiter around our sun is shown for comparison. Collage: MPIfR (Stefan Kraus), ESO, NASA,HST.

New Close-up Shows Binary Stars in Orion’s Heart

 ‘Space Jellyfish’ and Cosmic Blobs Seen by Hubble TelescopeCredit: NASA/ESA and L. Ricci (ESO)This new atlas features 30 proplyds, or protoplanetary discs, that were recently discovered in the majestic Orion Nebula using the Hubble Space Telescope.

'Space Jellyfish' and Cosmic Blobs Seen by Hubble Telescope

New Image Penetrates Heart of Orion NebulaCredit: ESO/J. Emerson/VISTA. Acknowledgment: Cambridge Astronomical Survey UnitThis wide-field view of the Orion Nebula (Messier 42), lying about 1350 light-years from Earth, was taken with the VISTA infrared survey telescope at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in Chile. The new telescope’s huge field of view allows the whole nebula and its surroundings to be imaged in a single picture and its infrared vision also means that it can peer deep into the normally hidden dusty regions and reveal the curious antics of the very active young stars buried there.

New Image Penetrates Heart of Orion Nebula

Hot New Stars Take Center Stage in Cosmic PhotoCredit: NASA/JPL-CaltechA colony of hot, young stars is stirring up the cosmic scene in this new picture from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope released on April 1, 2010. Full story.

 Hot New Stars Take Center Stage in Cosmic Photo

Star-Formation Details Seen in New ImagesCredit: ESA/LFI & HFI ConsortiaAn active star-formation region in the Orion nebula, as seen by Planck. This image covers a region of 13×13 degrees. It is a three-color combination constructed from three of Planck’s nine frequency channels: 30, 353 and 857 GHz.

Star-Formation Details Seen in New Images

Young Stars Blamed for Space Cloud RipplesCredit: NASA-JPL & Caltech, ESO-VISTA [Full Story]Top: near-infrared image of the Orion nebula. The massive stars are in the bright region. Bottom: Zoom on the region of the waves shown at mid-infrared (green), and radio wavelengths (red). The mid-infrared component shows the emission of warm small dust particles, while the radio emission comes from the cold gas. Each inset corresponds to a different velocity of the gas, observed with the IRAM 30m radio-telescope.

Young Stars Blamed for Space Cloud Ripples

Orion NebulaCredit: ESO and Igor ChekalinThis new image of the Orion Nebula was captured using the Wide Field Imager camera on the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at the La Silla Observatory in Chile.

Orion Nebula

Orion Knows How to Turn on the FIreworks!Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASAThis NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image of the Orion Nebula shows the spectacular region around an object known as Herbig-Haro 502, a very small part of the vast stellar nursery. The glow of the nebula fills the image and, just left of center, a star embedded in a pinkish glow can be also seen. This object, Herbig-Haro 502, is an example of a very young star surrounded by the cloud of gas from which it formed.

Orion Knows How to Turn on the FIreworks!

Orion, Brightest Winter ConstellationCredit: Starry Night SoftwareOrion is the brightest and most beautiful of the winter constellations, full of fascinating objects for the curious skygazer.

Orion, Brightest Winter Constellation

SOFIA Image of Orion NebulaCredit: SOFIA image: James De Buizer/NASA/DLR/USRA/DSI/FORCAST; Spitzer image: NASA/JPLThis image compares two infrared pictures of the heart of the Orion nebula captured by the FORCAST camera on the SOFIA airborne observatory’s telescope with a wider image of the same area from NASA’s Spitzer space telescope.

SOFIA Image of Orion Nebula

Orion from Viking ViewCredit: P-M Hedén/TWANSkywatcher Per-Magnus Heden wondered if the Vikings gazed at the same starry sky when he took this photo in Feb. 2011.

Orion from Viking View

Orion Unveiled: Spitzer Telescope Spies Nebula’s Infrared SecretsCredit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/S.T. Megeaty (Univ. of Toledo,OH).This infrared image from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope shows the Orion nebula, the closest massive star-making factory to Earth.

Orion Unveiled: Spitzer Telescope Spies Nebula’s Infrared Secrets

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