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Posts Tagged ‘Brain’

Trans Fats Linked to Brain Shrinkage

Posted by Admin on January 15, 2012

By  | January 5th, 2012 | Category: Latest News | 77 comments

In the series of articles entitled “Dumbing-Down Society” (check out part 1 and part 2) it was mentioned that a fatty diet containing lots of processed foods had a detrimental effect on, not only on the body, but on the brain as well. A recent study has further confirmed this fact stating that “people who had high levels of circulating trans fats had less brain volume. They also had poorer memory, attention, language and processing speed skills”. In other words, trans fats make you dumber. The study also suggests that consuming Omega-3 has a very noticeable positive effect on brain functions (a fact that was mentioned in the article Dumbing-Down Society Part 3: How to Reverse its Effects). Although the study focused on elderly people and on brain diseases like Alzheimer’s (an advanced state of brain atrophy), its conclusions contain facts that should be known by all who want to keep their brains healthy and fully functional. Here’s an article from the Vancouver Sun about the study.

Trans fats linked to brain shrinkage

Levels of vitamins C, E, B and D higher in group of healthy aging adults with larger brains: study

Researchers have found that there’s a part of your body that might shrink when you eat too much fast food.

Unfortunately, it’s your brain.

People with diets high in trans fats are more likely to experience the kind of brain shrink-age associated with Alzheimer’s disease than people who consume less of the artery-damaging fats, the new study suggests.

Those with diets high in vitamins C and E, the B vitamins and vitamin D, meanwhile, appear to have larger brains than people with diets low in these nutrients.

And diets high in omega three fatty acids seemed to benefit the small blood vessels of the brain – “and the thinking abilities related to those vessels,” said lead investigator Dr. Gene Bowman.

The work – published in the journal Neurology – involved 104 people, ages 65 and older, enrolled in the Oregon Brain Aging Study. All were generally healthy elders, with few smokers or people with diabetes or high blood cholesterol.

When the study was launched in 1989, “the aim was to study the effects of age on dementia risk in people that don’t have factors known to increase their risk at the time,” Bowman said.

In the new study, researchers checked blood samples for markers of 30 different nutrients. Participants also did a raft of neuropsychological tests, and 42 had MRI scans of their brains as well. The team was interested in three things: cognitive function, total brain volume and white matter changes thought to be a sign of small vessel disease of the brain.

Small vessel disease, also known as cerebral small vessel disease, is an accumulation of plaque deposits in the small blood vessels throughout the brain. It can lead to stroke.

“We know in Alzheimer’s disease that total brain atrophy [shrinkage] is accelerated com-pared to people of the same age and same gender that don’t have Alzheimer’s disease,” said Bowman, a naturopathic doctor in the department of neurology at the Oregon Health and Science University in Portland.

Among the key findings:

. The B vitamins, the antioxidants C and E and vitamin D all seemed to be working in con-cert in some way the researchers can’t yet fully explain. But the B-C-E-D pattern was associated with greater total brain volume and better global cognitive function. People who scored low on this vitamin combination turned out to have less total brain tissue;

. People who had high levels of circulating trans fats had less brain volume. They also had poorer memory, attention, language and processing speed skills;

. People with higher levels of omega three fatty acids had better executive function – the ability to plan, problem solve, multi-task and perform other functions – as well as fewer white matter lesions on their brain scans.

The findings held after researchers took age, sex, education, hypertension and genetic and other factors into account.

Some trans fats are found naturally, in small amounts, in dairy products, beef and lamb, but the trans fats in the study are hidden in cakes, flaky pas-tries, potato chips and other fried, frozen and processed food. Trans fatty acids increase inflammation, make arteries harder and decrease heart rhythm, increasing the risk of cardiac arrest.

Only a handful of studies have looked at the relationship between trans fats and brain function, Bowman said. “I think our study is one of the first to look at blood levels of trans fats related to brain health.”

Evidence suggests that trans fats can replace good fats in cell membranes, “and when that occurs it changes the structure and chemical properties of the cell in an unfavourable way,” Bowman said.

“Trans fats are known to be bad for cardiovascular health,” he said. “It makes sense that they’re probably bad for the brain, too.”

He recommended avoiding processed foods that list “partially hydrogenated oils” on the ingredient list. “That’s trans fat,” Bowman said.
– Source: Vancouver Sun

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The Diamond Heart

Posted by Admin on March 27, 2011

Wednesday, 09 February 2011 12:18
February 2011
by Lisa Renee

Dear ES Family,

With the rebirthing of the “Planetary Logos” (Logos = the law governing the form within a stellar body, see last months newsletter) in this current cycle accelerating since November, it is to say that our planet and our individual bodies are undergoing a systematic re-wiring of our entire nervous system function. Our nervous system is entirely responsible to the functioning of whether or not we are capable to receive, transmit and decipher higher frequency impulses and further, be able to ground them into access within the planetary body. If these frequencies are carried into access and run through the planetary grid network, it allows other human beings anywhere on the globe to access them much easier. If our brain or nervous system is damaged we will not receive or conduct these frequencies. (Please note that the promoted agenda of pharmaceuticals, vaccinations, chemtrails, genetic modified seed, preservatives, aspartame and recreational drugs are all designed to damage the nerves over a period of time with continued exposure, dulling the higher sensory ability of the human being.)
The glamour of astral plane awareness achieved by induced drugs is not enlightened consciousness. It is a perceived shortcut that is ultimately escapism of one’s self-responsibility. This is a common psychological defense mechanism as well as manipulation to be in denial of “seeing” the truth. If drug in sacred ritual is used as a temporary stepping stone it may or may not be effective. Without higher knowledge and self discipline – it becomes an addictive crutch where insanity and soul fragmentation are common side effects. This is high risk behavior for possession, no matter who tells you it is a pathway to enlightenment.

Further, if our nervous system is intercepted or interfered with via “blocking transmitter” technology, auric harness or mind control programming frequencies, it jams up our energy receiver antennae (nervous system) to pick up “static noise” that further scrambles our perception. If our reception is scrambled it also scrambles our brain processing and scrambles our DNA. This is one way to describe how we arrived at the current state of our disconnection on the planet, with most of our usable DNA scrambled and unplugged through blocking nerve synapses from firing or creating nerve damage. We are entering a time of nervous system regeneration on the planet, and we can participate with these healing frequencies as we wish. These are the beginning of the larger scale of planetary Diamond Heart Transmissions. There is nothing that falters with the ultimate faith in the power of God.

The Planetary Brain

The term “Planetary Logos” is also a way of describing the processing functions that direct messaging into the planetary “brain”. (This is similar to a computer processing unit /CPU chip used in computers, see These messages in the planetary brain influence and control every living thing on this planet. There are message impulses being artificially programmed to create mind control, brain dysfunction and nerve synapse blocking. If we are informed and aware of these energy assaults against our consciousness, we can override them by maintaining inner spirit connection as the priority message received and shielding our energy aura. There is nothing to fear, alas in these times we must discipline ourselves to free our mind and be willing to know and face the truth. Ignorance is not bliss and will have severe consequence in the long run. We are not trained to prepare for our passage from this planet, as we are controlled by the fear of death. There is no death. However it is wise to know to ask your inner spirit the best course of your personal evolution and to prepare for your passage from this plane when it comes time.

At this time the way that the “planetary brain” receives and interprets messaging impulses is being reconfigured to receive “instruction sets” from more activated neural networks. This means previously dormant or damaged neural networks (i.e. disconnected planet gridwork) is starting to reconnect and “circulate” those energetic forces (Tri-wave fields or Trinitized Forms) to run through tributaries opening in the planetary brain. As human beings we are also undergoing that “re-wiring” and are experiencing many different ways that reflects changes in the function of our physical body and our mental body. As the planet’s brain is changing, so does our human brain and its interrelationship to our nervous system. As our brain and nervous system reconfigure to expand its “frequency broadband” (in order to receive impulses from more neural networks) dormant parts of our brain wiring are being activated. These parts of our brain are being reconfigured to perceive feeling and sensory intelligences that emanate from the heart complex center. Our Heart complex center is a “heart –brain” feeling intelligence. This sensory ability to experience and “feel” energy is a function the soul matrix. This event is impacting our thought processes, our self-conscious awareness and every function in response to operating our physical body.

Body Changes May Be Intense

Many of us will have Ascension symptoms around the heart-brain functions, such as heart beat changes, sensing constriction and then expansion around the chest and lungs, as well as cranium, brain processing and neurological changes. We also have been alerted to dormant brain wiring activation creating a detoxification impact in the body. As always when feeling “toxic”, supporting liver, kidneys and lymph to help detoxify the blood and body as it runs through parasitic waste and is releasing trauma is supportive.

In some cases this recreates traumatic memory experiences being resurfaced through the brain and nervous system memory, and our Indigo family has been clearing a lot of these cellular memory imbeds from the brain wiring. Sometimes when our body “feels sick” we get scared and think it is something it is not. Learning how to communicate with your body from a place of understanding nothing is random and you have the power to heal yourself is very important. This changes the medical system enslavement belief in giving your power away to a Medical Deity who is designed to extract payment from your health issue first, and help heal you if it is convenient to the system. You cannot give value to that system that does not value you. Yet we cannot fight it directly as it is a huge bureaucratic red tape holding the collective human thoughtform into believing in an extremely effective mind control. The pestilence program ( starvation, disease) is the trump card of the Controllers who are actively working this angle to control our bodies by controlling our health. It is wise to be informed yet neutral and hold the highest frequency possible. Listen first to your inner guidance. Talk to your body as a parent to a small child, and learn to listen to what it needs to function without judgment.

We are able to override the past trauma memory as it resurfaces in the body much easier if we understand what is happening. As we apply observer awareness to bear witness to the pattern in the body, and simultaneously be willing to let it go with forgiveness – the release of the painful pattern is mostly immediate. It can be an onset pattern that happens suddenly and with extreme intensity, however relief through clearing comes just as quickly. The trick is staying neutral and out of fear mental programs of anxiety. i.e. What is happening to me?? You’re an Ascending human that’s what’s happening! This is the gift we can receive through the new levels of Unity support architecture that is available in the planetary field now. This makes energy clearing much easier.

Pathcutter and Prototypers

Some of us are Ascension Biological Prototypers and we will have more physical symptoms than others. It is important to not judge this process and to learn to be as relaxed as possible. For many who are a Genetic Pathcutter or Ascension Prototyper, feelings of low self esteem and worth wondering how being sick and feeling ill is helping the Ascension process can plague your mind. Many of us doing this mission piece are experiencing the new template we are building for the future of humanity. Most of us with this job will need to develop mastery with patience, perseverance and endurance via inner trust and self discipline. This presents a learning opportunity as humanity will be required to change completely how we relate to our physical body and what the definition of “health” really means.

In order to change the distorted medical community and begin to adopt changes that support humans rather than kill them, we must overhaul and reprogram our medical consciousness. Many of us that are Genetic Pathcutters have intense Family of Origin Miasms clearing the bloodline related to traumatic timeline events (such as War memories, Genocide or Holocaust events, Christ Crusades, Atlantian Cataclysm, etc) This means you have an agreement to heal the bloodline therefore the timeline the memory is recorded in the genetic material you are inhabiting. (That would be your physical body! ) Others are designed to experience health problems in order to create a higher consciousness within the health and medical fields and how the future of therapeutics will be applied. Many of this group are academics or highly educated in the medical fields and then have to discard and integrate the pieces of which they have learned. This is a polarity integrator into the medical system, and represents a fusion of 3D consciousness education being shifted into higher octaves that synthesize the linear sequence of the human soul experience. By Ascending we learn academics does not feed nor heal the soul. As the Ascending human changes from their own process of clarity in becoming healthy, they are able to create innovations and paradigm shifts within their own peers of the medical community. This is a huge evolution piece of which we are most grateful to that group.

Everything that transpires in a body can be approached from a causation level when one is freed of fear and willing to heal from the soul blueprint. There is no death. Healing is nonlinear and non verbal. If the mind seeks to control from its own fear, it gets in the way of healing. Achieving harmonic balance through connection with your own inner spirit intelligence is the only way to achieve a fully integrated healing alignment. Otherwise the issue will remain recurring and also reappear in the future generation in some manifested form, whether a psycho-emotional distortion or other disease pattern.

We are working in progress to bring more physical support resources through our outreach program Avatar of Study of Genetic Pathcutter Ascension Class material, is an introduction of understanding your body as a roadmap of energy frequency and emotional spiritual intelligence. Changing your understanding to relate to your body as an energetic spiritual intelligence is the key to balance and harmony within the body function. If we do not heal the conflict inside us, we are unable to heal the conflict that started the disease pattern.

Diamond Heart Transmission

This ongoing incredible event is changing the planet’s brain from sending message impulses into the human consciousness fields sourcing from an artificially programmed CPU brain (mind control architecture) that is designed to serve non-human interests, to a reconnected “heart brain” intelligence field that serves the God Source connection to achieve Unity Logos consciousness. This heart brain is also directing “God Source Life Force” to emanate from the rebirthing Diamond Heart Logos as it connects back into the center of our planetary core. This heart brain is the planetary architecture of the Diamond Heart of Mother Arc returning back to circulate the eternal God supply of her Trinity life force. Over the last 5,000 years our planet has been operating on a “closed” bi-wave, reversal polarity system. This means the Trinity wave nor Cosmic Mother were existing or accessible from within this planetary field during that timeline. A closed system means “finite energy supply”. With finite energy supply, consuming others energies and parasitic relationships multiplied into massive proportions. These “feedlines” have clustered creating multiple infections in the Universe and all through the Planetary Time Matrix. These “infections” are called “phantom matrix” or dead spaces. These dead spaces have to feed on someone or something in order to exist. Or they are just like piles of dead waste and pollution piled in a corner, just like massive trash dumps and plastic bottles littering the land and oceans of the Earth. It is the phantom or dead spaces that the Controller Forces siphon our planetary energy into. They do this by manipulation of the bi-wave polarity fields and rotation of the electron particle by forcing the energy flow in disproportionate channels that feed their intended source.

This has created much damage in our nervous system and planetary brain. They are being increasingly squeezed out of this domain and are losing their “feeding sources” as these Mother Arc Hub networks are coming online. These “Mother Arc Hubs” are returning the Tri-Wave or Trinity fields back to our planet. The Tri wave format in our particle structure is required to circulate the eternal supply of God Source through our bodies and the planet As Cosmic Mother Arc returns back to the planetary core her Arc Hub Gateways are systematically being activated into the networks and brain of the planetary body. These Arc Hub Gateways are reactivating the diamond hearts (crystal cluster networks) in the earth grid that had been artificially programmed, dormant or cut off. This is like saying crystal bodies in the earth grid network that used to ( prior to Reptilian Invasion timelines and their genetic manipulation histories) emanate life giving pranic force into the human consciousness fields, nourishing all life forms, are systematically coming back online. These “heart” crystals (in various template formats existing both globally and within human personal light bodies) are systematically being reprogrammed to be able to transmit Cosmic Divine Mother frequencies back into our planet and human bodies.

In recent years, there have been systematic activations in small localized Indigo populations throughout the globe that were setting templates for the planetary diamond heart transmission. These templates and instruction sets are activated by the Monadic Merging and the permanent seed atom located in the higher heart center, the thymus chakra. There are diamonds in the higher heart that activate the crystal lotus or crystal heart matrix in the human being. That embodied human instruction set is now relayed a connection between Mother Arc and her emissaries on the planet. The collective embodied Indigo diamond heart is now a Diamond Heart transmission to Rebirth the Planetary Logos and Planetary brain. This allows our planetary body to become a Planetary Heart-Brain that is able to connect and circulate again with the Cosmic Heart of Mother. (We return back into the Heart of God)

Much celebration and gratitude is overflowing to our Indigo Starseed families as well as all lightworker’s that have made this event possible and opened a new event horizon for the ascending human being.

Energy Distribution Changes

Ultimately our planet’s brain and its bio-neurological relationships that control the main functioning of our human body (and its ability to merge with soul bodies) are being completely reconfigured. The Diamond Heart Transmissions are to remove the instruction set commands that have been inorganically programmed into our brain, nervous system function and therefore our physical flesh by the controller forces. When our planetary logos/brain was invaded, human beings were bound to a false set of laws made by non human interests desiring to create a race of enslaved beings that would work for their “life force energy” distribution. The manipulation of energy distribution was achieved in multiple ways. One specific way was to enforce a reincarnation cycle by which beings would recycle physical life forms to “work off the accumulated energetic waste”. Parts of the reincarnation cycle have been abused by Reptilian Controllers to manipulate beings to work off “superimposed” karmic loads from other ET groups, generally self proclaimed as the “genetically elite”. Some of these ET groups existing in other dimensions consider themselves superior to earth humans in all ways and therefore have deemed themselves the supposed “Gods”. The False Gods humans have been subjected to mind controlled worship through the “hell fire and brimstone” theology cites its judgment as applied through a belief of “sinner” consequences. This is a doctrine of distortion propagated through the salvation model of a crucified deity. Infiltrated doctrines are designed to separate humans from their organic Unity consciousness.

The Wound of Discrimination

As above, so below, and we see this belief and its control architecture in full swing among the planet’s population. Just as the ET distortion exists of genetic elitism, it exists in the human egoic belief system where value is assigned to that specific and preferred genetic bloodline. The main controlling bloodlines of our planet certainly enforce their agendas around and through this objective. This objective (such as human depopulation by targeting genetic undesirables) is ultimately a reptilian based thoughtform, and not a human thoughtform. All agendas that serve this “genetic elitism” thoughtform are in reversal to the actual purposes and function of the human DNA which is designed to synthesize a variety of Universal genetic material to create a complete pattern template for a “Universal Body”.

This is why discrimination on our planet is such a huge human wound, the Controllers have influenced their thoughtform through mind control upon our race to create a “divide and conquer strategy”. If we are divided we can never fulfill our original blueprint design which is to synthesize genetics and merge with our mirror opposite. (the masculine and feminine principles in sacred marriage, both inner reflection and outer manifestation) When we are subjected to the immense pain of discrimination because of our color, race, sex or other factor, it reverberates to the very core of our DNA pattern. If we believe this wounded pattern is true, it destroys our DNA design, ultimately destroying the fabric and nature of our true design. This literally breaks apart our soul into fragments. This is why separation of the countries, races and governments through discrimination is so effective at maintaining the controller agenda through domination of the perceived “weaker” or discriminated enemy. We are no longer human beings, we are participating in our own destruction through the possession of the Reptilian thoughtform. As we continue this behavior and belief we mutate into Reptilians, and our bodies become possessed and controlled by that alien force. To regain our humanity, we must regain our feeling nature, and the heart intelligence of our true God design. Our Cosmic Mother is heralding this change through her Diamond Heart and it is happening now!

Australia is Mother’s Prototype

At this time there is much happening that is shifting the Australian continent as a beginning prototype of the epicenter of radiating the Cosmic Mother Arc frequencies. The heart of Australia – Uluru is a main gateway of the Mother Arc Hub that is connected all the way into the planetary core. Queensland territories have many brutal histories of invasion of the Aboriginal peoples and the taking of their esoteric knowledge and power recorded in the land. Literally the
“Queen” was taken from the land. As much as we hold in our hearts love, strength and healing for the beloveds in Australia undergoing these severe weather disasters, there is a cleansing necessary to allow the grids to be reconfigured to these Diamond Heart frequencies. As usual when there are massive shifts in an area of the planet, there are several competing agendas. We hope and pray that the Cosmic Mother holds and gives comfort to all those impacted in Australia, our heart is with you all. We send gratitude to all of our Families of Light holding down the frequency in Australia to stabilize and buffer the fields.

The Heart of Giza Bleeds

Those that read this newsletter are well aware, Giza plateau near Cairo is the 4D Stargate and astral energy center for our planet. At one time it housed the Ark of the Covenant as a portal access into Sirius and then into Andromeda as it was a transport station. This area was the main channel of heart chakra 4D energy (pranic life force) that was designed to be generated into the planet for humanities health and well being. The pyramids are massive power generators of the Cosmic Heart Life force that once radiated from their peaks. Once we were invaded this stopped and our multiple Pyramid generators on the planet were disconnected from these Frequency channels. As our planet is undergoing changes in the planetary brain and changing the “heart” channels function, chaos is physically represented in the area. Consciously or subconsciously, people are screaming for their heart and soul nature to be returned to them, that their true nature be allowed to be expressed. That the False Kings of Tyranny be removed from their position. The Heart Chakra of Giza is changing, along with many forms of patriarchal domination architecture in the region. Giza no longer stands alone, as multiple channels of this Diamond Heart Transmission will radiate from every prism it touches, and we will build multiple hubs of heart channels on the planet. Our planet is becoming a Unified Heart and we must change.

Thank you.

Until next, stay in the luminosity of your Avatar Heart Path! Be Gentle with your hearts and each other.

Love Always, Lisa

© 2011, Lisa Renee

This ES Monthly News Article reflects the Guardian Perspective of the Ascension Timeline (2012 Timeline) as support, both energetically and informationally, for the Galactic Families of Starseeds and the Indigo Races. This Spiritual Family has accepted the Guardianship role to support the foundation of Cosmic Citizenship as an evolutionary model for this planet and humanity, and this is a level of earth based advocacy designed for this specific group. There is absolutely no value difference given on the role each being has chosen for its expression. The Guardian Groups mission directive is rehabilitation of the hologram, repairing its energetic architecture (dna), embodying the Ascended Human Protoform, supplying informational context on Ascension dynamics and Exopolitic (ET) Agendas and reeducating both human and non-human’s to be congruently aligned to the Universal Law of One. Freedom, Fraternity, and the Sovereign Right of All Beings to be a Knower of God Source is protected by the Collective Unity Vow shared among our Universal Guardian Groups.
The Group Unity Vow Decree

Defender Warriors of Truth, Sovereignty, Liberation. All Guardian races Serving the One. From Across All the Multiverses We Call Upon You to Join US Now. Our Unification Principle deemed as demonstrated in the waves of Omni Love – We Sound our Group Note to You Now. Our Group Template Updated, Individually and Collectively, Renewed and Forever Perpetuated in the Eternally Sustained Light. Our Alchemical Container is consecrated and dedicated to the Purposes of One, and we endeavor to be the Knower of God to then be the Way Shower of God. Sustain Us in the Eternal Power of our Consecration.

We have called for your Gatekeeping in order to hold our community, our missions, our mutual highest purposes in Service to the One Light, Our Source, The Living Light Code. Our Intention is Unification – The Christ Principle – as an Energetic Reality, Here and Now.

We request the handshake of our community to fortify our spiritual links through the Universal Cosmic Triad, and into The Core of One, the Zero Point God Matrix, that which is the source of our Genesis. With deep reverence for all of Life, Dear God, Breathe your Life Codes into all created form. We set our intention now to be Remembered to That Which We Are, fully completely and totally.

To State our Mutual Purpose as One, Resurrect All inorganic patterns to the Organic Living Light Now. And to that we Say, Thank God We Are The Cosmic Christ!

And so It is. Lovingly Decreed.
© 2009-2010, Lisa Renee

Please note in order to distribute this Newsletter in other forums please do so with the following guidelines: Include author’s credit, copyright and include the ES website url.

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Scientists create animals that are part-human

Posted by Admin on March 27, 2011

Stem cell diagram illustrates a human fetus st...

Stem Cell Flowchart

Stem cell experiments leading to genetic mixing of species

RENO, Nev. — On a farm about six miles outside this gambling town, Jason Chamberlain looks over a flock of about 50 smelly sheep, many of them possessing partially human livers, hearts, brains and other organs.

The University of Nevada-Reno researcher talks matter-of-factly about his plans to euthanize one of the pregnant sheep in a nearby lab. He can’t wait to examine the effects of the human cells he had injected into the fetus’ brain about two months ago.

“It’s mice on a large scale,” Chamberlain says with a shrug.

As strange as his work may sound, it falls firmly within the new ethics guidelines the influential National Academies issued this past week for stem cell research.

In fact, the Academies’ report endorses research that co-mingles human and animal tissue as vital to ensuring that experimental drugs and new tissue replacement therapies are safe for people.

Doctors have transplanted pig valves into human hearts for years, and scientists have injected human cells into lab animals for even longer.

Biological mixing of species
But the biological co-mingling of animal and human is now evolving into even more exotic and unsettling mixes of species, evoking the Greek myth of the monstrous chimera, which was part lion, part goat and part serpent.

In the past two years, scientists have created pigs with human blood, fused rabbit eggs with human DNA and injected human stem cells to make paralyzed mice walk.

Particularly worrisome to some scientists are the nightmare scenarios that could arise from the mixing of brain cells: What if a human mind somehow got trapped inside a sheep’s head?

The “idea that human neuronal cells might participate in ‘higher order’ brain functions in a nonhuman animal, however unlikely that may be, raises concerns that need to be considered,” the academies report warned.

Mice with human brains
In January, an informal ethics committee at Stanford University endorsed a proposal to create mice with brains nearly completely made of human brain cells. Stem cell scientist Irving Weissman said his experiment could provide unparalleled insight into how the human brain develops and how degenerative brain diseases like Parkinson’s progress.

Stanford law professor Hank Greely, who chaired the ethics committee, said the board was satisfied that the size and shape of the mouse brain would prevent the human cells from creating any traits of humanity. Just in case, Greely said, the committee recommended closely monitoring the mice’s behavior and immediately killing any that display human-like behavior.

The Academies’ report recommends that each institution involved in stem cell research create a formal, standing committee to specifically oversee the work, including experiments that mix human and animal cells.

Weissman, who has already created mice with 1 percent human brain cells, said he has no immediate plans to make mostly human mouse brains, but wanted to get ethical clearance in any case. A formal Stanford committee that oversees research at the university would also need to authorize the experiment.

Harvesting human organs from sheep
Few human-animal hybrids are as advanced as the sheep created by another stem cell scientist, Esmail Zanjani, and his team at the University of Nevada-Reno. They want to one day turn sheep into living factories for human organs and tissues and along the way create cutting-edge lab animals to more effectively test experimental drugs.

Zanjani is most optimistic about the sheep that grow partially human livers after human stem cells are injected into them while they are still in the womb. Most of the adult sheep in his experiment contain about 10 percent human liver cells, though a few have as much as 40 percent, Zanjani said.

Because the human liver regenerates, the research raises the possibility of transplanting partial organs into people whose livers are failing.

Zanjani must first ensure no animal diseases would be passed on to patients. He also must find an efficient way to completely separate the human and sheep cells, a tough task because the human cells aren’t clumped together but are rather spread throughout the sheep’s liver.

Zanjani and other stem cell scientists defend their research and insist they aren’t creating monsters — or anything remotely human.

“We haven’t seen them act as anything but sheep,” Zanjani said.

Zanjani’s goals are many years from being realized.

He’s also had trouble raising funds, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture is investigating the university over allegations made by another researcher that the school mishandled its research sheep. Zanjani declined to comment on that matter, and university officials have stood by their practices.

Allegations about the proper treatment of lab animals may take on strange new meanings as scientists work their way up the evolutionary chart. First, human stem cells were injected into bacteria, then mice and now sheep. Such research blurs biological divisions between species that couldn’t until now be breached.

Combining monkeys and people
Drawing ethical boundaries that no research appears to have crossed yet, the Academies recommend a prohibition on mixing human stem cells with embryos from monkeys and other primates. But even that policy recommendation isn’t tough enough for some researchers.

“The boundary is going to push further into larger animals,” New York Medical College professor Stuart Newman said. “That’s just asking for trouble.”

Newman and anti-biotechnology activist Jeremy Rifkin have been tracking this issue for the last decade and were behind a rather creative assault on both interspecies mixing and the government’s policy of patenting individual human genes and other living matter.

Years ago, the two applied for a patent for what they called a “humanzee,” a hypothetical — but very possible — creation that was half human and chimp.

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office finally denied their application this year, ruling that the proposed invention was too human: Constitutional prohibitions against slavery prevents the patenting of people.

Newman and Rifkin were delighted, since they never intended to create the creature and instead wanted to use their application to protest what they see as science and commerce turning people into commodities.

And that’s a point, Newman warns, that stem scientists are edging closer to every day: “Once you are on the slope, you tend to move down it.”

© 2011 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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